Allen, Theodore F. (1842-1919) Diaries, 1864-1865

Held by The Filson Historical Society

Creator: Theodore F. Allen (1842-1919)

Title: Diaries, 1864-1865

Rights: For information regarding literary and copyright interest for these diaries, see the Curator of Special Collections.

Size of Collection: 0.33 cubic feet

Locator Number: Mss./A/A431

Scope and Content Note

Military diaries, May 26, 1864 – July 4, 1865, recorded by Theodore F. Allen, Captain, 9th Ohio Cavalry Regt.  During this time Allen also was Assistant Adjutant General, Cavalry Division Army of the Ohio and  Assistant Inspector General, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi. Allen’s descriptions of actions of 7th Ohio Cavalry and other units of Maj. Gen. Stoneman’s Cavalry Corps in Battles of Cynthiana, KY, pursuit of Gen. John Hunt Morgan, Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign, and Battles of Franklin, TN and Nashville, TN. Also includes observations of daily military life of cavalry units in the Union army, personal opinions of competency of Union generals and status of civilians in areas occupied by the Union army.  Vol. 1 includes lists of 7th O.V.C. battles and officers and reasons for termination of their service. Folder 4 contains 3 photographs of Allen and a printed article.

Biographical Note

Theodore Frelinghuysen Allen was born June 13, 1842 in Mansfield, Ohio, the son of Isaac J. Allen. The family later moved to Columbus, Ohio where Allen’s  father became editor of the Ohio State Journal.   He would later follow in his father’s footsteps and also go into the newspaper business. In April and May of 1861 Allen served briefly in the 2nd Kentucky Infantry followed by appointment as First Lieutenant and Adjutant in the 7th Ohio Cavalry August 28, 1862. Allen was later promoted to Captain of Company D of the 7th Ohio Cavalry and eventually brevetted Colonel U. S. Volunteers.  He was mustered out July 4, 1865.

After the war Allen settled in Cincinnati, Ohio and there on April 25, 1867 married Mary F. Weakley, the daughter of a minister. Ted and Mary had only one child, a daughter, Mary. They lived most of their life in the greater Cincinnati area, except for the years 1883-1891 when they lived in New York City.  Allen wrote a number of articles concerning his service in the Civil War, including an account of his capture by rebel forces at the Battle of Rogersville and his escape which appeared in “Sketches of War History”, Mollus, Ohio, Vol. 6, Cincinnati, Ohio: Monfort, 1908, pp. 147-167.   Mary passed away in 1909 and Ted died at age 76 at the Methodist Home in Cincinnati on April 30, 1919. 

Folder List

Folder 1: Diary 1864

Folder 2: Diary 1865

Folder 3: Diary 1865

Folder 4: Photographs and printed article

Subject Headings

African American soldiers – Tennessee

Allatoona Pass (Ga.), Battle of, 1864

Atlanta Campaign, 1864

Bonds – Confederate States of America

Brough, John, 1811 – 1865

Burbridge, Stephen Gano, 1831 – 1894

Camp Nelson (Ky.)

Camp Smith (Tenn.)

Chalmers, James R. (James Ronald) 1831-1898

Chattanooga (Tenn.) – Description and travel

Columbia (Tenn.), Battle of, 1864

Corse, John Murray, 1835-1893

Cynthiana (Ky.), Battle of, 1864

Dalton (Ga.) – Description and travel

Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889

Franklin (Tenn.), Battle of, 1864

Garrard, Israel

Georgia – Description and travel

Georgia – History – Civil War, 1861-1865

Hobson, Edward Henry, 1825 – 1901

Hood, John Bell, 1831 – 1879

Illinois Cavalry Regiment, 14th (1863-1865)

Illinois Cavalry Regiment, 16th  (1863-1865)

Illinois Infantry Regiment, 115th (1862-1865)

Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, 2nd (1861-1865)

Johnson, Richard W., 1811 – 1865

Kentucky – Description and travel

Kentucky – History – Civil War, 1861-1865

Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, 12th (1862-1865)

Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, 16th (1863-1864)

Kilpatrick, Judson, 1836-1881

Lawrenceberg (Tenn.)- Description and travel

Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870

Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Marietta (Ga.) – Description and travel

McCook, Edward Moody, 1833 – 1909

McPherson, James Birdseye, 1828 – 1864

Mental illness – Treatment

Michigan Cavalry Regiment, 8th (1863-1865)

Michigan Cavalry Regiment, 9th (1863-1865)

Miner, George G.

Missouri Infantry Regiment, 48th (1864-1865)

Money – Tennessee

Morgan, John Hunt, 1825-1864

Nashville (Tenn.) – Description and travel

Nashville (Tenn.), Battle of, 1864

Ohio Cavalry Regiment, 7th (1862-1865)

Ohio Cavalry Regiment, 9th (1862-1865)

Ohio Heavy Artillery Regiment, 2nd (1863-1865)

Periodicals – Frank Leslie’s Illustrated  Newspaper

Presidents – United States – Election – 1864

Resaca (Ga.), Battle of, 1864

Rocky Faced Gap (Ga.), Battle of, 1864

Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Stone Mountain (Ga.) – Description and Travel

Stoneman, George, 1822 – 1894

Tennessee – Description and travel

Tennessee – History – Civil War, 1861-1865

Thomas, George Henry, 1816-1870

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865  –  Destruction and pillage

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  African-Americans

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Anecdotes

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Cavalry operations

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Confiscations and contributions

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Equipment and supplies

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Jews

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 –  Scouts and scouting

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Campaigns

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Casualties (Statistics, etc.)

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Naval operations

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Peace

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Poetry

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Prisoners and prisons

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Transportation

United States.Army – Barracks and quarters – Heating and ventilation

United States.Army – Military life

Wartzburg (Tenn.) – Description and travel

Wilson, James Harrison, 1837-1925