Brown, John Mason (1837-1890) Papers, 1862-1864

Held by The Filson Historical Society

Creator: John Mason Brown, 1837-1890

Title: Papers, 1862-1864

Rights: For information regarding literary and copyright interest for these papers, contact the Curator of Special Collections.

Size of Collection: 0.66 cubic feet

Locator Number: Mss./B878c/1-18

Scope and Content Note

Col. Brown was the commanding officer of the 45 th Kentucky infantry regiment and the 2 nd and 4 th Brigade, 1 st Division, District of Kentucky, 1862-1864. The collection contains official military communications, orders, registers, and reports directed to and issued by him and various staff officers, primarily in 1864. The correspondence consists of descriptions of recruiting activities in Kentucky, encounters with Confederate guerrilla and cavalry units and requests for payment of expenses and for leaves and furloughs. The registers include periodic lists of personnel readiness and military ordnance and supplies in units under Brown’s command. Printed orders include results of numerous courts martial and instructions regarding rebel deserters and refugees.

Biographical Note

John Mason Brown was born in Frankfort, Ky., 26 April 1837, the son of Mason and Mary (Yoder) Brown. He graduated from Yale College in 1856. He returned to Frankfort where he taught school and studied law. In April, 1860, he opened a law practice in St. Louis, Mo. He spent several months in 1861 and 1862 traveling in the Northwestern United States and British America. Upon his return from a trip to the Montana Territory in October, 1862, he was commissioned Major of the Kentucky10 th cavalry regiment. He was promoted to the rank of Colonel in the 45 th Kentucky Mounted Rifles regiment in December, 1863. He was subsequently appointed commander of the 4 th Brigade, 1 st Division, District of Kentucky in April, 1864 and the 2 nd Brigade in July, 1864. He left the service in December, 1864 and resumed his law practice in Frankfort. He eventually opened a law firm in Louisville in 1873 and later was a founder of the Filson Club. He married Mary O. Preston, eldest daughter of Gen. William Preston, 25 November 1869. They had 4 children. He eventually settled in Louisville, Ky., where he remained in practice until his death on 29 January 1890 at the age of 52.

Folder List

Folder 1: Correspondence, 29 May 1862 – 30 April 1864

Folder 2: Correspondence, 1 May – 10 May 1864

Folder 3: Correspondence, 11 May – 31 May 1864

Folder 4: Correspondence, June 1864

Folder 5: Correspondence, July – August 1864

Folder 6: Correspondence, September – November 1864

Folder 7: Correspondence, undated (ca. 1864)

Folder 8: Official monthly reports, 2 nd Brigade, 1 st Division, District of Ky., May – September 1864

Folder 9: Official reports of company, regiment strength and absentees of 4 th Brigade, 30 April – 11 August 1864

Folder 10: Military expense claims and receipts, July – October 1862, May 1864

Folder 11: General orders, May 1863 – November 1864

Folder 12: Legal charges, depositions, furlough certificates, March – November 1864

Folder13: Ordnance and supplies reports, January – November 1864

Folder 14: Instructions for Officers of the Adjutant General’s Department, 1862

Folder 15 : Lloyd’s official map of the state of Kentucky compiled from actual surveys and official documents, Lloyd, James T., New York, 1863 (available online at )


Folder 16: Monthly reports of 2 nd Brigade, 1 st Division, District of Ky., April – June 1864

Folder 17: Monthly reports of 2 nd Brigade, 1 st Division, District of Ky., July – November 1864Folder 18: Regiment reports, lists of absentees, detached members and recruits, roll of POW, medical supply requisition, 1862, 1864, & undated

Subject Headings

Burbridge, Stephen Gano, 1831-1894

Camp Nelson (Ky.)

Courts-martial and courts of inquiry – United States

Cynthiana (Ky.) – History

Jessee, George M., 1830-1896

Kentucky – History – Civil War, 1861-1865

May, Andrew Jackson, 1829-1903

Military offenses – United States

Morgan, John Hunt, 1825-1864

Presidents – United States – Election – 1864

Thomas, Lorenzo, 1804-1875

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – African Americans

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Desertions

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Prisoners and prisons

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Registers

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Supplies

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Underground movements

United States. Army – Appropriations and expenditures

United States. Army – Equipment

United States. Army – Handbooks, manuals, etc.

United States. Army – Leaves and furloughs

United States. Army – Officers’ handbooks

United States. Army – Recruiting, enlistment, etc.

United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 14th (1861-1865)

United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 45th (1863-1865)

United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 47th (1863-1865)

United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 49th (1863-1864)

United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 30th (1864-1865)

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